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Natural Capital

img_04__025.jpg AECC JSC territory of presence, Irkutsk Region, Lake Baikal

ECOLOGICAL POLICY

TVEL Fuel Company in its environmental activities is committed to promotion of environmental, nuclear and radiation safety, as well as implementation of strategic objective of the Company to provide social and ecological acceptability.

TVEL Fuel Company activities aimed at reduction of adverse environmental effects are characterized by branch specificity and shall be performed in two directions:

Removal of the environmental “heritage” of the first nuclear project, created as a result of execution of the military state programs on enterprises included into the management system of the Company, which implies execution of large scale works connected with decommissioning of the nuclear industry facilities and rehabilitation of the contaminated territories;

Reduction of the impact by the enterprises on the environment connected with current production operations. Within this activity framework the system of ecological management has been developed, modern resource saving technologies of production are implemented, current environmental protection measures are executed and constant monitoring of environment condition is executed.

In accordance with the above directions aimed at reduction of adverse environmental effects, the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company form annual plans of measures aimed at environment protection. The Environmental Policy Implementation Plan of TVEL Fuel Company for 2010–2015 was first developed in 2010, including organizational, social and educational, information, production and technical measures aimed at environmental protection. In 2015 the Environmental Policy Implementation Plan of TVEL Fuel Company for 2016–2018 was formed.

One of the priority directions of the Fuel Company in the field of environmental protection and ecological safety is its involvement in the functioning of the Integrated Management System, where a Corporate Environmental Management System is a constituent.

2,106
RUB mln
operating expenses of the Company enterprises for environment protection in 2016

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One pellet of nuclear fuel weighing 4.5 g substitutes

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The main objective of the corporate IMS is to identify the environmental aspects and potential environmental risks that affect the environment, safety and health of employees, with the aim to identify targets to improve these activities and develop programs to address them with the implementation of permanent control.

System-based application of guiding principles of the Policy, the unified methodology of environmental aspect identification and environmental risk evaluation allows to allocate funds to solve the most important problems, which leads to improved performance in the field of ecology. Priority goals and objectives aimed at reducing environmental risks are an integral part of the planning process; they are included in TVEL Fuel Company’s Environmental Objective Achievement Program and Environmental Policy Implementation Plan.

Environmentally important enterprises of TVEL FC issue annual public reports on environmental safety to inform the stakeholders, partners, local government bodies, public at large, and publish them on Websites of the enterprises.

PA ECP JSC

won the XII All-Russian contest “Russia’s Leader in Environmental Compliance 2016”

TVEL Fuel Company is guided by precautionary principle by forecasting and assessing environmental risks, which allows to avoid, minimize or control emission or discharge of any pollutant or generation of waste, thereby excluding or reducing the possibility of adverse impact of production activities on the environment, staff and population of regions of the Company’s presence.

TVEL FC Environmental Policy Implementation Scheme for 2016–2018

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Information about organizational arrangements concerning improvement of environment protection management system


Work of section No. 3 of TVEL JSC STC Meeting of section No. 3 "Promotion of environmental, nuclear and radiation safety" of TVEL JSC STC with discussion of problems that arose in the course of filing applications for state registration of objects causing negative environmental impact and ecological costs planning by TVEL JSC organizations and mid-term NEI payments with due regard to amendments in Environmental Law.
Ecological Audit 11 audits were conducted in the enterprises of the Fuel Company and 21 audits in TVEL JSC subdivisions throughout the year 2016. Following the results, the audit reports were drawn up. On August 17 - September 13, 2016, the first supervisory (combined audit) of the IMS was successfully conducted by the certification body TUV Thuringen.
Improvement of regulatory and legal base in the field of environmental protection. Analysis of current regulatory documentation of the CSEM was made in 2016 to meet the requirements of a new version of the ISO 14001: 2015 (GOST R ISO 14001-2016) and a Road map for issue / re-issue of IMS documents of TVEL FC for 2016-2017 was prepared.
Control of availability and periods of validity of ecological authorizations TVEL JSC executes regularly and in accordance with the "Uniform Industry Guidance on the Implementation of the Environmental Policy of ROSATOM" the internal checks of availability and periods of validity of ecological authorizations in the enterprises included into the management system of TVEL Fuel Company. Request to the subsidiaries of TVEL JSC on regular submission in due time of information on availability and validity of permits, relevant information is submitted to TVEL JSC on a quarterly basis. Upon request of ROSATOM information on availability and validity of the environmental permits shall be sent by outgoing letters.
Participation in meetings and conferences In 2016 the Company took part in the following conferences, seminars and round tables dedicated to the issues of environmental, nuclear and radiation safety: Annual industrial meeting with managers of environment protection service of nuclear industry companies. Meetings of managers of occupational safety, industrial safety and environment protection services of the enterprises included into the management system of TVEL Fuel Company. VII International Forum "ATOMEXPO 2016" with the report of TVEL JSC representative regarding the following: Prospective solutions aimed at reduction of negative environmental impact by enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company. The XIth International Forum-Dialogue "Nuclear Energy, Ecology, Security - 2016". Chernobyl 30 Years Later Conference.
Conference "Industrial Ecology and Global Climate Change: The role of Business and the State in Risk Reduction" under the aegis of the Russian Business Week 2016.

The enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company continuously implements measures to improve the existing and introduce advanced environmental technologies and monitoring technologies of adverse impact on the environment, staff and population of the regions of the enterprises’ presence. Special attention is paid to environmental safety in the modernization of existing nuclear fuel production technologies.

Employees of TVEL JSC and its subsidiaries take an active part in the development of scientific and technical reference books on the best available technologies, to be used at enterprises included into the management system of TVEL Fuel Company.

In 2016 in the course of the implementation of the Environmental Policy by the companies included in TVEL Fuel Company’s management system, the production and technical activities aimed at environmental protection and ecological safety were implemented. Planning of funding for the said activities is a part of scheduling the Environmental Policy Implementation Plan, TVEL Fuel Company’s Environmental Objective Achievement Program and the investment and project activities of the Company and ROSATOM. Prior to inclusion into investment projects, every event shall be subject to feasibility and efficiency estimation of final outcomes by Investment Committee of TVEL JSC.

In 2017 AECC JSC, PA ECP JSC, SGChE JSC, NCCP PJSC, UEIP JSC, ChMP JSC, MSZ PJSC will implement the Plan of TVEL Fuel Company and environmentally important organizations of TVEL Fuel Company in terms of Ecology Year 2017.

Main production and technical activities aimed at environmental protection and ecological safety


Enterprise Arrangements 2016 Plans for 2017
AECC JSC Instrumental metering of 100% of industrial and storm sewage discharged from the industrial facility. Modernization of ventilation system V-5 in the building 3A (aerosol filter installation). Replacement of metering devices for domestic wastewater discharged from the industrial facility.
NCCP JSC The former ore depots at the tailing pond were liquidated. Industrial collector area was decommissioned. Beginning of works on installation of industrial facility's stormwater treatment plant system
SGChE JSC Commercial operation of Radioecological Monitoring Analytics System (REM AS) of ROSATOM commenced in industrial sites. The refrigeration unit in the building 9 has been reconstructed in order to reduce the discharge of refrigerant into the atmosphere; Continuation of works on preservation of B-1 and B-25 basins and solid radioactive waste storage facility of site No. 16. Continued modernization of the existing automated radiation control system of ARMS-SGChE
MSZ PJSC Reconstruction of water supply systems and systems of industrial water collection, treatment and preparation for technical water supply Reconstruction of technological ventilation on the basis of local gas treatment systems in the department 2 of shop 48 Continued reconstruction of water supply systems and systems of industrial water collection, treatment and preparation for technical water supply Continued reconstruction of technological ventilation on the basis of local gas treatment systems in the department 2 of shop 48
Tochmash VPA JSC Completed modernization of electrochemical equipment in shop 1, which allowed to reduce the content of pollutants in discharges into the water body _
UEIP JSC Commissioning of the grinding complex (shredder) "VIKMAX-400" in universal demountable building of radioactive waste (RW) processing site of the shop No. 70. Modernization of ARMS system. Continuation of works on technical upgrade of the non-ferrous metal remelting section in Building No.302 of the shop.
KMZ JSC Equipment of galvanic section with waste control facility Commissioning of waste control facility in the galvanic section Installation and commissioning of new galvanic lines for shop number 3 Installation of filters to exhaust ventilation of galvanizing and nickel-plating lines
EDB-Nizhny Novgorod JSC Decommissioning of radiation sources in the laboratory of resource tests is complete _
PA ECP JSC Modernization was conducted with transition to ozone-safe freon 134a of the refrigerating machine in building No. 10A Reducing by 1 freon-12 based refrigerating machine Reducing industrial water consumption due to commissioning of two refrigerating machines of air conditioning systems in the building 901
ChMP JSC Works were carried out on the overhaul and gumming of railway tanks and pipelines containing aggressive liquids in order to maintain them in a safe state, preventing spill-related accidents. The building 220, previously used for the production of depleted uranium, was decommissioned. Continuation of works on conservation of spent tailings pond No. 1 for safe storage of radioactive waste. Installation of devices in air ducts pre- and post-gas purifiers SMOG-1 and SMOG-2 of PVC system in the building. 745B of shop No. 85 Reconstruction of lighting network in buildings 450 and 703 of shop No. 60 with installation of LEDs
VNIINM JSC Works on creation of a zone for cleaning radioactive contaminated soils. Reconstruction of a boiler house and installation of two automated hot-water boilers, which will reduce the emission of pollutants into the atmosphere; Decommissioning of building 53.

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT[i]


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Energy Saving and Efficiency Improvement Program

The project on energy consumption reduction and energy efficiency improvement in industrial companies of ROSATOM is one of the major projects aimed to improve competitiveness in the specific industry.

575,9
The reduction in energy resources consumption (as compared to 2015) in monetary terms was 5.79% (RUB 575.9 million) with the target indicator — 3%

TVEL Fuel Company is one of the leaders in introduction of automated systems for accounting of energy resources and methods to improve energy efficiency in the nuclear industry, including processes of energy inspections, formation of long-term investment, organizational and technical programs and specific activities for energy efficiency. The Company’s organizations are being involved in Energy Saving and Efficiency Improvement Program (further “the Program”) as pilot participants since 2011. The Program was approved subject to the results of energy and thermovisional inspections held at the Company’s organizations.

The first five-year period of implementation the Program events ended in 2015. Following the results of the repeated inspection performed by Center of Energy Efficiency INTER RAO UES LLC in 2015, the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company developed the activities aimed at reduction of power resources consumption.

Witness Audit of Energy Management Corporate System (EMCS) was performed at TVEL JSC and Fuel Company enterprises in 2016 by representatives of TUV International Certification LLC. No deviations and discrepancies were found due to audit findings. In 2016 Fuel Company enterprises also performed internal audits of EMCS.

Amount of financing for energy saving and efficiency improvement program, RUB mln [i]

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The Program established target values for reduction of energy consumption (as compared to the reference year 2015) in monetary terms. The target indicator of energy resources consumption set for the year 2016 was 3%. As a result of the implemented activities these values were achieved and even surpassed. In 2016 electric energy consumption by the Company’s enterprises was reduced by 3.91%, heating energy — by 8.8% as compared to the reference values of 2015 under comparable conditions [i]

Realization of Energy Saving Program ensured annual decrease in energy consumption. In 201t the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company used 28,5 million GJ of primary energy sources, which is 36.5% less as compared to 2015. Amount of consumption of electric and heating energy in monetary terms made RUB 6,055.9 million and RUB 2,201.3 million respectively.

The reduction in energy resources consumption (as compared to 2015) in monetary terms was 5.79% (RUB 575.9 million) with the target indicator — 3%. Reduction of energy consumption is not related to reduction in the production program volumes of TVEL Fuel Company; it was achieved through implementation of the activities under the Program.


Reduction of energy consumption at the enterprises of TVEL FC in 2016 (as compared to 2015) in monetary terms, %

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Total amount of energy saved by efforts to reduce energy consumption and improve energy efficiency, in money terms under comparable conditions, RUB mln

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Electric energy consumption, mln kWh

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Heating energy consumption, thous. Gcal

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In December 2016, the team comprising representatives of TVEL JSC and UEHK JSC took the 2nd place in the RPS Leaders Forum in the nomination “The best RPSproject aimed at cost reduction”.

Their RPS-project allowed to optimize the process of power transportation and reduce energy costs.

Electric and heating energy consumption by TVEL FC enterprises in money terms under comparable conditions, RUB mln

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Primary energy sources consumption[i], mln GJ

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Dynamics of energy saving by the enterprises of TVEL FC under comparable conditions as compared to 2015 on an accrual basis as a result of efforts to reduce energy consumption and energy efficiency increase


Indicator 2016 2017 (plan)
Total amount of saved electric power, mln kWh 5118,4 151,3
Total amount of heat energy, thous. Gcal 206,9 210,8
Total amount of electric power and heat energy, thous. GJ 291,7 1,426,6

Results 2016:

  • formation/modernization of Automated Information and Measuring System of Electric Energy Commercial Accounting of NCCP PJSC;
  • reconstruction of external sanitary sewage at the industrial site of NCCP PJSC;
  • decommissioning of power transformers with low utilization rate at Tochmash VPA JSC;
  • heat insulating of pipelines and water supply valves of MZP JSC;
  • winterization of enclosure structures of buildings and facilities at ChMPChMP JSC;
  • installation of energy-saving electric lighting devices in production and administrative premises of ChMPChMP JSC;
  • modernization of frequency converters SPCHS-180 of AECC JSC;
  • reconstruction of traffic lighting of AECC JSC.

Plans 2017:

  • reduction of energy consumption by the Company’s enterprises (as compared to 2015) by 5%;
  • decentralization of the compressed air supply system at MSZ PJSC;
  • replacement of old power transformers with modern (new) ones at MSZ PJSC;
  • conversion to gas heating of hulls and stoves SH-1 at ChMPChMP JSC;
  • creation of the circulating water supply system at AECC JSC;
  • technical re-equipment of ventilation systems with the use of a frequencycontrolled drive at SGChE JSC.

Three-fold energy saving at PA ECP JSC due to pump station modernization

Modernization of industrial pump station (IPS) of PA ECP JSC located on the bank of the Kan river was completed under the enterprise’s Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Improvement Program.

New pumps are more efficient and have higher performance index. The high-voltage frequency converter allows choosing the optimal operating mode for both the pump unit and the industrial pump station as a whole, accurately regulating such parameters as water flow and pressure in the plant’s industrial water supply network in accordance with the current production needs.

As a result, facility water feed rates were changed, which resulted in saving of industrial water and electricity consumed by the pumping equipment of the station. Savings amounted to 2.232 million kWh.

Use and Processing of Materials

The quantity of materials necessary for the manufacture of products at enterprises of the Company is determined by the production program.

Enterprises of Separation-Sublimation Complex use uranium and synthetic materials for products manufacturing. Enterprises of fabrication block use raw materials represented by enriched uranium product obtained at the enterprises of Separation-Sublimation Complex. Synthetic materials, ferrous and non-ferrous metals are basically used in the manufacture of gas centrifuges.

All raw materials used by TVEL Fuel Company enterprises are purchased. No renewable materials are used in production. Examples of the used materials are shown in Table below.

Use of materials for main production by TVEL FC enterprises[i], tons


Material 2014 2015 2016
Sulfuric acid 1,868 1,166 690
Technical sulfuric acid (oleum) 10,091 1,218 10,364
Nitric acid 13,532 11,970 16,824
Hydrochloric acid 7,664 7,296 5,599
Ferrous metals 3,825 3,139 2,370
Non-ferrous metals 937 795 834

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Industrial and Consumer Waste Disposal

In 2016 the total amount of industrial and consumer waste of the Company was decreased by 16% as compared to 2015 and made nearly 176.6 thousand tons.

Main reasons of waste formation decrease in 2016:

  • reduction of Hazard Class 5 (slightly hazardous) waste (ashes and slag) generation due to reduction of coal burning by HPP at SGChE JSC; this HPP also generates thermal and electrical energy for the population of nearby settlements and is managed by OTEK JSC.
  • change of the process flow scheme in ChMP JSC, reclassification of some waste to the by-products to be used as reagents in technological processes of the enterprise.
  • reduction of road construction works in MSZ JSC.

Share of used waste to the extent of their formation per year, %


Enterprise 2014 2015 2016
MSZ PJSC 31 66 56
ChMP JSC 16 32 135
NCCP JSC 6 1 0
AECC JSC 0 71 1
Tochmash VPA JSC 1 1 1
Total for TVEL FC 1,2 2,6 5,8

In 2016 10.3 thousand tons of wastes were recycled or reused by the enterprises of the Company. Wastes management is organized mainly at MSZ JSC and ChMP JSC; in 2016 they used 56.3% and 135.4%[i] of their wastes in production, respectively.

Waste generation and recycling, tons

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Structure of waste generation at TVEL FC enterprises, %

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Wastes generated at TVEL FC enterprises by hazard class, tons


Indicator 2014 2015 2016 2015/ 2016
Wastes in total, including: 210,053 176,562 -15,9% -15,9%
Hazard Class I 53 210 94 -55,4%
Hazard Class II 5,854 4,079 50 -98,8%
Hazard Class III 1,048 495 426 -13,8%
Hazard Class IV 20,736 10,801 8,919 -17,4%
Hazard Class V 278,724 194,469 167,074 -14,1%

The bulk of waste (94.6%) was represented by Hazard Class 5 (slightly hazardous) waste, such as ash slag resulting from solid fuel burning at the TPPs. Ash slags are dumped by the TPP and the bulk of other wastes is delivered to specialized organizations.

The Company is not engaged in waste transportation across international borders.


Water Consumption and Water Disposal

In 2016 withdrawal of water by the enterprises of the Company decreased by 4.0% to 416 million m3 as compared to the previous year, water consumption for own needs decreased by 5.1% to 374 million m3.

Reduction of water consumption at SGChe JSC

Non-investment measures based on organizational and technical solutions were developed and implemented in 2016 within measures developed to reduce resources consumption at SGChE JSC. All measures were implemented by the plant’s own forces.

Activities related to the reduction of drinking and household and industrial water consumption, included:

  • conversion of utility appliances (bathrooms) to industrial water;
  • optimization of consumption: reduction of the number (water-off) of drinking fountains;
  • shutdown of air conditioners due to lack of necessity;
  • daily monitoring of water consumption at plants, with rolling blockouts on holidays and weekends, with the implementation of the required regulatory procedures to search for unauthorized consumption of domestic and drinking water;
  • control valves installation in water supply schemes.

Economic effects:

  • optimization of domestic and drinking water consumption at the isotope separation plant — achieved effect: RUB 84.9 thousand;
  • optimization of industrial, domestic and drinking water consumption and sewage — achieved effect: RUB 250 thousand;
  • installation of control valves in water consumption schemes of sublimate plant — achieved affect: RUB 800 thousand.
16%
Decrease in total amount of industrial and consumer waste of the Company

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Reasons for decrease in volumes of water withdrawal and consumption:

  • Reduction of water consumption by ChMP JSC is related with operating mode of the ChMP JSC TPP;
  • Installation of the industrial pump station of PA ECP JSC frequency control device (FCD), which allowed to optimize the technological mode of heat exchange machinery operation, resulting in water consumption reduction;
  • Implementation of measures for the energy saving and energy efficiency program of PA ECP JSC;
  • Operations aimed at water consumption reduction by AECC JSC.

The main source of water withdrawal (390 million m3). Water withdrawal from public and other water supply systems was 26 mln million m3.

In 2016 the standard of water withdrawal was set at 710 million m3, the actual volume of withdrawal was 58.6% of the set standard.

Water consumption in 2014–2016, mln m3

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Actual consumption method is mainly used in calculation of water consumption indicators at the Company’s enterprises. Water withdrawal from natural sources is executed by the enterprises in accordance with the set standards.

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In 2016, the volume of return water was 254 million m3. The share of return water of the total amount of withdrawn water was 61.1%, the share of reused water in the total volume of withdrawn water was 11.6%. Water consumption in the systems of return water has small fluctuations in recent years about 1–3%

In the reporting year, 319 million m3 of water were disposed by the Company’s enterprises (55.2% of the standard). All water was disposed into natural water bodies. The volume of water disposal directly depends on the water consumption.

Water disposal by enterprises of TVEL FC in 2014–2016, mln m3

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In 2016 the volume of disposal of polluted waste water by the Company’s enterprises decreased by 7%, which is directly connected to decrease in water withdrawal.

Difference in percent decrease as compared to 2015 of water withdrawal volume and polluted waste water volume is conditioned by the fact that a range of TVEL Fuel Company enterprises execute acceptance of waste water from outside organizations.

Pollutant Emissions


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In 2016 total pollutant emissions into the atmosphere by the Company’s enterprises amounted to 14.4 thousand tons (21.4% of the set standard).

Reduction of emissions by 12.5% as compared to 2015 is due to:

  • reduction of burned coal fuel at the HPP of SGChE JSC;
  • conservation of boiler equipment at NCCP JSC;
  • production area optimization and dismantling of equipment at Tochmash VPA JSC.

Total emission of pollutants, thous. tons

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Total pollutant emissions by enterprises of the TVEL FC, thousand tons


Enterprise 2014 2015 2016 Share of emissions of the enterprise of the total volume of the TVEL FC’s emissions in 2016, %
SGChE JSC 17,0 13,8 11,8 81,9
ChMP JSC 2,6 1,8 1,9 13,1
UEIP JSC 0,6 0,5 0,5 3,6
Other 0,5 0,3 0,2 1,4
Total 20,7 16,4 14,4 100,0

The largest volumes of emissions reported at the enterprises of the Fuel Company are directly related to the emissions generated in the production of electricity and heat power at the HPPs of SGChE JSC and ChMP JSC. It should be noted that these HPPs supply heat and electricity to the settlements in areas of location of the enterprises.

Emissions of ozone-depleting substances[i] at the enterprises of the Company in 2016 decreased by 0.1% to 259 thousand tons due to the equipment modernization.

Emission of ozone-depleting substances, tons

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Emission of ozone-depleting substances, tons


Substance name 2014 2015 2016 Enterprises
freon-113 4,02 4,02 4,02 UEIP JSC
freon-12 2,87 2,46 2,46 SGChE JSC
2,60 2,70 2,40 PA ECP JSC
72,24 72,24 72,24 ChMP JSC
freon-22 1,89 1,22 1,381 AECC JSC
2,15 0,00 0,00 АО «СХК»
9,83 9,83 9,83 SGChE JSC
2,60 2,59 2,59 UEIP JSC
freon-13 164,21 164,21 164,21 ChMP JSC
Total 262,41 259,28 259,13 _
Total for CFC-11 246,04 245,58 245,29

Emission of specific pollutants, thous. tons[i]

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Decrease of nitrogen and sulphur oxide emissions by 3.8% and 11.5% is stipulated by overall emissions decrease in TVEL Fuel Company.

Carbon monoxide emitted into the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources is oxidized to carbon dioxide. Decrease of carbon dioxide emission in 2016 by 0.01% is connected with the parameters of the facilities work on the HPP of SGChE JSC.

Carbon dioxide emissions, tons[i]

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SGChE JSC

The volume of river water withdrawn by SGChe JSC for the needs of production, decreased by 44% from 2010 to 2016. This is the result of program implementation aimed at natural resources saving, energy saving and reduction of energy intensity of production.

The major consumer of river water is Heat and power plant, which also produces heat and electricity for the needs of the population of the Tomsk region.

SGChE JSC uses technologies of multi- and re-using of river water. In particular, reuse of water is implemented in ash pumping system of the HPP. Repeated successive water use is also introduced in the water supply scheme of the isotope separation plant and HPP.

In 2016, 32.3% of the total consumed water at the enterprise was multi- or re-used.

For determination of greenhouse gases emission the carbon dioxide emissions were taken into consideration, because carbon oxide emitted into the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources is oxidized to carbon dioxide.

In 2016 greenhouse gas emission intensity amounted to 5.12 tons / RUB mln of revenue (in 2015 — 88 tons / RUB mln). The bulk of greenhouse gas emissions is caused by energy facilities (HPP, boiler houses) and transport.

The largest volumes of emissions reported at the enterprises of the Fuel Company are directly related to the emissions generated in the production of electricity and heat power at the HPPs of SGChE JSC and ChMP JSC. The said HPPs supply heat and electricity to settlements in the areas of location of enterprises and are managed by OTEK JSC.


Relative Impact of the TVEL Fuel Company Enterprises on the Environment in the Regions of Presence

ПThe TVEL Fuel Company enterprises are located on lands that are owned by the enterprises, as well as on lands that are used on a leasehold basis and are owned by the Russian Federation. Industrial sites of the enterprises and adjacent territories are not territories with high valued biodiversity, they are not inhabited by animals and plants included in the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) Red List and the national list of protected species.

In accordance with the Russian Federation nature protection laws TVEL Fuel Company enterprises set the standards of admissible impact on the environment that ensure the quality preservation of the environment. Strict compliance with the standards of admissible impact on the environment by the enterprises ensures the absence of threats to animals and plants inhabiting the areas adjacent to the Company's enterprises.

No emergencies and incidents resulting in negative environmental impact occurred in 2016 at the enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company.

The impact of the major part of the Company's enterprises on the environment of the regions of presence is in general less than 5% of the total impact of industry on the environment of the corresponding regions. This level of exposure corresponds to the following:

  • AECC JSC (3.2% of waste water discharge in the Irkutsk region)
  • PA ECP JSC (3.9% of waste water discharge in the Krasnoyarsk territory),
  • of SGChe JSC (2.9% of total discharge in the Tomsk region).

The 5% level has been exceeded by SGChE JSC (16.7% of total wastes, 72.9% of waste water discharge in the Tomsk region) and ChMP JSC (6.1% in the Udmurt Republic). The proportion of the rest of the TVEL FC enterprises in the total impact of economic activities on the environment of the regions of presence is insignificant.

Discharge of waste water has no significant impact on biodiversity of water bodies and related habitats.

The enterprises have no material impact on water bodies that are used for withdrawal of water. Water bodies serving as sources of water supply of the Fuel Company enterprises are not classified as vulnerable and are not included in the Ramsar List .

Transportation of hazardous cargoes and special cargoes is carried out by transport of the enterprises or third parties pursuant to licenses and taking into account requirements to organization of transportations.

For the purpose of reduction of the adverse impact on the environment, measures were taken for scheduled replacement of morally and physically obsolescent motor vehicles with modern ones complying with the exhaust toxicity standards, as well as for replacement of motor vehicles that have gasoline engines with motor vehicles that have diesel engines.

In operation of the rolling stock, the routes and working hours are constantly adjusted and optimized, mileage and the complement of vehicles in the motor vehicle fleet are cut down, which result in reduction of total mileage and, therefore, reduction of the total consumption of fuel and adverse impact on the environment.

The impact of TVEL Fuel Company on the climate is negligible in comparison with organizations of mining industry and thermal power companies. Climate change has no impact on the activities of the Company's enterprises and their employees. The issue related to assessment of the financial aspects, other risks and opportunities associated with climate change was not considered in the reporting period.

Environment Protection Expenses

In 2016 operating expenses of the Company enterprises for environment protection amounted to RUB 2,106 million. Target funds allocated in the framework of the investment and project activities of TVEL Fuel Company and ROSATOM, were used to finance both technical and organizational measures.

Planning of production and technical measures aimed at ensuring of environment protection by enterprises included in the management system of the Fuel Company is carried out in the framework of TVEL Fuel Company’s Environmental Objective Achievement Program and Environmental Policy Implementation Plan, the investment and project activities of TVEL Fuel Company and ROSATOM

Prior to inclusion into investment projects, every event shall be subject to feasibility and efficiency estimation of final outcomes by Investment Committee of TVEL JSC.

Expenses of TVEL FC related to environment protection, RUB mln


Expenditure item 2014 2015 2016 2017 (plan)
Radiation safety assurance 1,123 817 726 750
Collection and treatment of waste water 374 512 473 480
Atmosphere air protection and prevention of climate change 178 283 219 230
Waste disposal 153 172 135 150
Protection and rehabilitation of lands, surface and ground water 60 61 51 55
Other activities in the sphere of environment protection 482 474 502 510
Total 2,371 2,318 2,106 2,175

The share of expenses is related to the activities for environment radiation safety assurance (RUB 726 million). Considerable expenses are related to collection and treatment of waste water (RUB 473 million).

The share of environment protection expenses of TVEL Fuel Company falls on SGChE JSC, UEIP JSC and ChMP JSC.

Environmental protection cost saving is caused by planning and allocation of major environmental activities funding.

Environment protection costs outlay of TVEL FC in 2016, %

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In 2016 total amount of payments for negative impact on the environment increased by 20.8% as compared to the previous year and amounted to RUB 36.8 million.

Structure of payments for negative environmental impact, RUB mln

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Fines and penalties as compensation for negative environmental impact, RUB mln

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In the reporting year there were no nonfinancial fines and penalties for negative environmental impact of subsidiaries included in the management system of TVEL FC, no damage was caused to the environment.

Nuclear and Radiation Safety

Assurance of nuclear and radiation safety (NRS) of facilities of the Fuel Company enterprises, prevention and exclusion of any possibility of inadmissible exposure of the personnel, population and environment to radiation are among the priority activities of TVEL Fuel Company.

TVEL FC nuclear and radiation safety principles

Prevention of nuclear and radiation accidents

Decommissioning of facilities that are no longer operated

Improving working conditions

Developing nuclear and radiation safety control systems

Perfecting the emergency prevention and nuclear disaster response systems

Reducing routine and incidental releases of radionuclides into the environment

Maintaining lowest possible levels of personal irradiation dose of the personnel while reducing the number of persons exposed to radiation

Reducing the amount of radioactive waste

Training and retraining of personnel on nuclear and radiation safety

Rehabilitation сof radiologically contaminated areas


Activities of TVEL Fuel Company are carried out in accordance with the laws of the Russian Federation pertaining to the use of nuclear power with due account to IAEA requirements.

The Company subsidiaries perform systematic work for prevention and exclusion of radiation accidents, improvement of the stability of hazardous production facilities, training of personnel and special formations for accidents and emergencies.

Prevention of radiation accidents requires the constant monitoring of compliance with the rules, regulations, instructions, observance of technological discipline.

The main program documents providing for realization of activities in the area of NRS are as follows:

  • “Fundamentals of State Policy in the Sphere of Nuclear and Radiation Safety of the Russian Federation for the period till 2025”.
  • Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety Assurance for 2016–2020 and for the Period up to 2030”.

KPI for heads of subsidiaries departments using the ionizing radiation sources is established as “No cases of excess of effective individual dose exceeding 20 mSv”.

Lists of nuclear hazardous sections are elaborated for all nuclear-hazardous facilities having the conclusions on the nuclear safety issued by the Department of Nuclear Safety of IPPE RF SSC FSUE. All nuclear hazardous sections are equipped with emergency alarm systems in the case of self-sustaining fission chain reaction.

The activity will result in the improved environmental situation and social acceptance in the regions of presence, and the increased competitiveness of TVEL Fuel Company, including on the international markets.

Units of the enterprises for processing, storage, manufacturing using nuclear materials and radioactive substances, radioactive wastes treatment have sanitary-epidemiological conclusions on compliance of conditions of work with sources of radiation with sanitary rules.

According to the conclusions made by the territorial departments of the State Sanitary and Epidemiological Service of the Russian Federation, the radiation situation at the Company’s enterprises, within their sanitary protection areas and control areas (areas of professional responsibility) is estimated as satisfactory.

img_04__027.jpg MSZ JSC territory of presence, Electrostal

Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety for 2016–2020 and until 2030”

Within the strategic initiative “Environmental Responsibility” of TVEL Fuel Company, the works are ongoing for liquidation of “nuclear heritage”, including rehabilitation of contaminated areas.

In November 2015 in continuation of Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety for 2008 and up to 2015” that is considered successfully completed, the Government of the Russian Federation approved the Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety for 2016–2020 and until 2030” (FTP NRS-2, http://фцп-ярб2030.рф).

At the stage of FTP NRS-2 formation, TVEL Fuel Company determined the number of objectives for decommissioning of nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities (NRHF); to implement these objectives the funding requests to the total amount of RUB 116.5 billion were formed.

Within the adopted FTP NRS-2, there was approved 33% of funding requested by TVEL Fuel Company — 17 events to the total amount RUB 38.9 billion, including RUB 35.3 billion out of the federal budget. The said actions will be performed at facilities of SGChE JSC, AECC JSC, UEIP JSC, NCCP JSC, MSZ PJSC, VNIINM JSC and EDBNizhny Novgorod JSC. Six of them are descending actions, which have been implemented within FTP NRS in 2008–2015. The rest 11 are new decommissioning projects.

Apart from decommissioning of NRHF and rehabilitation of the contaminated territories of FTP NRS-2, decision was taken on decommissioning of sublimation production at SGChE JSC, production of uranium tetrafluoride at ChMP JSC and Chemical-Metallurgical Plant of SGChe JSC. The above measures shall be implemented partially at the expense of the special reserve fund No. 3 (Decommissioning and R&D).

industry is to reduce expenses and production costs to ensure competitiveness in the world market. In this regard, it is planned to complete decommissioning of NRHF by 2030, to rehabilitate 470 thousand m2 of contaminated with radionuclides territories. This will significantly reduce the cost of products manufactured by enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company due to reduction of contaminated areas and subsequent production compaction. This will allow to save significant means spent annually for safe maintenance of NRHF of TVEL Fuel Company.

Five year plans:

Decommissioning:

  • Unit U-5, building G, building 53, beyond-design disposal No 9 of VNIINM JSC. Liquidation of the said NRHF will improve the ecological situation in Moscow, clean up the territories;
  • Production for uranium-graphite production reactor, building 18 and warehouses “Models” of NCCP JSC. This will allow the reduce areas for production compaction;
  • Radiation sources in Centrotech-SPb JSC;
  • Reprocessing facility of HEU-LEU М2079 of SGChE JSC.

To perform:

  • Conservation of basins B-1, B-25, ground-based SRW storage facilities at site 16 of SGChE JSC. The implementation of conservation measures for the B-1 and B-25 basins is extremely important, since they are open-type liquid radioactive waste (LRW) storage facilities and are radiation-hazardous objects with a high potential hazard. On completion of the measures, the basins will be transferred to a safe status;
  • Reconstruction of facility 13 of the radiochemical plant of SChC JSC will allow to stop the discharge of liquid radioactive waste into open storage facilities — slurry storages SS-1, SS-2 and proceed with their conservation. Open slurry storages will be excluded from SChC JSC technological chain.

Plans untill 2030:

Completion of decommissioning of:

  • nuclear facility of VNIINM JSC;
  • unit 2 (building 802) and unit 4 (building 804), sublimation production of AECC JSC;
  • radioactive waste storage facilities of buildings 310 at AECC JSC;
  • unit 242 of MSZ JSC;
  • facilities for processing of irradiated standard uranium slugs of site 3;
  • production of uranium tetrafluoride and depleted uranium at ChMP JSC;

Conservation of:

  • pulp dumps PKh-1, PKh-2 at SGChE JSC;
  • tailing dumps at NCCP JSC.

The key operation stages after conversion of the object to final shutdown mode

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Results 2016:

EDB-Nizhny Novgorod JSC completed ahead of schedule the item of FTP NRS-2 “Decommissioning of radiation sources in the laboratory of resource tests of EDBNizhny Novgorod JSC”. This activity was scheduled for 2017–2018. The works were performed at the expense of the specialpurpose reserve fund of ROSATOM in the amount of RUB 13.2 million, and at the expense of own funds of the enterprise in the amount of RUB 76.07 million.

Uralpribor LLC executed the whole scope of works for decommissioning of the radiation source in the laboratory 1 of Special Design-Engineering Department of Uralpribor LLC. The works were performed using own funds in the amount of RUB 5.41 million.

In the stages of preparation for decommissioning:

  • a change was made in nuclear facility operating license terms (LT) of AECC JSC permitting decommissioning of structures 2 and 4 (buildings No. 802, 804) of AECC JSC;
  • a change was obtained in in nuclear facility operating LT permitting decommissioning of storage facility 310;
  • a favourable conclusion of state ecological expertise of materials for validation of a license “Decommissioning of the U-5 facility” of VNIINM JSC” was obtained;
  • 844 tons of nuclear materials, radioactive media and harmful chemicals from gas ducts of sublimation production of AECC JSC were disposed.

Plan of the activities under the FTP “Nuclear and Radiation Safety for the period of 2016–2020 and until 2030” at the sites of the Company’s subsidiaries at the expense of the federal budget


Scope of finance, RUB mln
Subsidiary Name of enterprise 2016 (plan) 2016 (actual) 2017 (plan)
SGChE JSC Reconstruction of facility 13 of radiochemical plant 170,0 170,0 100,0
Conservation of B-1 storage bay 30,0 30,0 100,0
Conservation of B-25 storage bay 194,2 194,2 157,7
AECC JSC Decommissioning of structure No. 2 (Building 802) and structure No. 4 (Building No. 804) 785,5 501,0 725,5
NCCP JSC Decommissioning of production for uraniumgraphite production reactor 398,3 311,2 446,1
TOTAL at the Company sites 1,551,0 1,206,4 1,556,3

Sources of financing for liquidation of the “nuclear heritage” in 2016


Sources Number of activities Scope of Financing, RUB mln List of major activities
The Federal Budget within the Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety for 2016–2020 and until 2030” (FTP) 5 1 206,4
  • Decommissioning of structure No. 2 (Building 802) and structure No. 4 (Building No. 804) of AECC JSC
  • Preservation of B-1 and B-25 basins of SGChe JSC;
  • Reconstruction of the site No.13 in SGChe JSC;
  • Decommissioning of production for uranium-graphite production reactor of NCCP JSC.
The Special Reserve Fund No. 3 “Decommissioning and R&D” of ROSATOM 28 453,65[i]
  • Decommissioning of IR of EDB-Nizhny Novgorod JSC;
  • Preservation of terrestrial solid radioactive waste storage of site 16 of SGChE JSC;
  • Preservation of the tailings pond No. 1 of ChMP JSC;
  • Decommissioning of structure 220 of ChMP JSC;
  • Preparation for decommissioning of structures G, A of NIINM JSC.
The Reserve No. 3 “Decommissioning and R&D” remaining at the disposal of the organization 8 29,23
  • Creation of a contact-arc cutting unit for radiation-contaminated metal structures;
  • Creation of a laser decontamination unit;
  • Creation of an experimental complex for testing the efficiency of deactivating solutions and compositions based on them using a device with a pulsed reciprocating motion of agent flow of VNIINM JSC.

Federal Target Program “Nuclear and Radiation Safety Assurance for 2016–2020 and for the Period up to 2030”


Indicator Unit Planned Actual Notes
Number of violations of level 2 and higher as per INES units 0 0
Commissioning of spent nuclear fuel repositories thous. tons _ _
Commissioning of spent radioactive waste repositories thous. m3 _ _
Preparation for decommissioning of nuclear and radiation-hazard facilities units _ _
Number of decommissioned nuclear and radiation-hazard facilities units 0 1 The work on decommissioning of IR of EDB-Nizhny Novgorod JSC was completed in 2016 ahead of scheduled 2017–2018.

Investments into the development of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel treatment technologies, RUB thous.

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In terms of improvement of the government control and coordination of the works in the sphere of nuclear power safe use (including the issues of organizing transportation of nuclear materials), TVEL Fuel Company obtained in 2016 the following documentation:

  • 47 certificates authorizing the shipping packaging sets with radioactive materials;
  • 12 additions to the certificates;
  • 7 special requirements to air transportation of the shipping packaging sets;
  • 3 special conditions for transportation of radioactive materials.
img_04__028.jpg targets_15.gif

Rehabilitation of the Areas Contaminated by Radionuclides

The areas contaminated with radionuclides are within the area of professional responsibility of MSZ PJSC, NСCP JSC, ChMP JSC and SGChE JSC.

No contamination of new areas occurred resulting from activities of TVEL FC subsidiaries in 2016. All identified contaminated areas are consequence of activities of the enterprises focusing on improving the defensive ability of the country during the period of the “nuclear shield” creation.

In 2016, within the scope of remedial actions aimed at improvement of radiation situation in the territory of MSZ PJSC industrial site, radiation survey of contaminated sites (source SRF No. 3 — RUB 14.0 million) was completed and studies were performed of the impact of radioactive contaminated areas on groundwater and the environment in the northern part of industrial site (source SRF No. 3 — RUB 8.5 million). The studies performed allow evaluation of the radiation situation in the examined area. To eliminate the negative environmental consequences of economic activities, a program of remedial actions in the contaminated area will be implemented as part of a comprehensive decommissioning of NRHF of MSZ PJSC.

Pollution of the environment with radionuclides (RN)


Indicator 2014 2015 2016
Emission of RN into the atmosphere, Bq 9,49*109 8,72*1010 8,74*109
Presence of areas contaminated with RN, thous. m2 16,081,4 16,081,4 16,081,4
Discharge of waste water containing RN, Bq 1,56*109 2,09*109 3,22*109

The emissions of all subsidiaries of TVEL Fuel Company are within the permissible limits

SGChE JSC has Improved the Technology of Radioactive Wastes Preparation for Geological Repository

New technology allowed to halve the amount of liquid radioactive waste. Besides, expensive agents used earlier were excluded from technological process, and the building where the outdated equipment was located was decommissioned. Total savings on chemicals and building maintenance amounted to RUB 31 million.

Pilot tests of the technology of LRW preparation for disposal have been completed in 2016. In 2017 the enterprise intends to proceed to the industrial operation of a new technological scheme.

New technological solutions will improve environmental and industrial safety both at the waste preparation site and at geological repository

Change in technology of LRW preparation for underground disposal and reduction of liquid RW at SGChE JSC won the 3rd place and a commemorative medal in TVEL Fuel Company contest for the Best Solution / Development 2016 in the nomination “the Best Solution for Environmental Safety”.

Areas contaminated with radionuclides as of the end of 2016, thous. m2


including:
Subsidiary Total Sanitary protection zone Area of professional responsibility Industrial site
MSZ PJSC 788,2 0 740,1 48,1
NCCP JSC 372,3 0 210 162,3
ChMP JSC 210 0 0 202,5
SGChE JSC 14,604,2 333 0 14 271,2
Всего 15,967,2 333 950,1 14,684,1

As of the end of 2016 the total area of territories contaminated with radionuclides subject to rehabilitation amounted to 5,967.2 thousand m2.


97%
of RW on the sites of the TVEL FC subsidiaries fall into low and very low levels of radioactivity

According to the conclusions of regulatory authorities on the results of inspections, it was noted that the radiation and nuclear safety in the Company, in general, conforms with the regulations and rules in the field of use of nuclear power. TVEL Fuel Company registered no cases of cancellation of any license related to nuclear energy application.

The Company implements the concept of defense-in-depth, based on physical barriers to ionizing radiation proliferation at all stages of nuclear facilities life cycle.

During product transportation TVEL JSC ensures compliance with national Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials and IAEA Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Materials and other international documents on transport, modes of transport for international transportation.

In 2016, the first batch of RW of UEIP JSC was placed for final isolation at the subsurface RW repository (SRWR) of 3 and 4 class (CATU Novouralsk, the Sverdlovsk region). RW repository, designed and financed by UEIP JSC is today the only Russian facility able to assure safety and reliable final isolation of low and extremely low-level radioactive waste.

Construction of RW Repository will Commence in 2019 in the Territory of Industrial Site of SGChE JSC

Construction of subsurface RW repository (SRWR) of 3 and 4 class (medium-level SL and LL waste) is planned in the territory of industrial site of SGChE JSC.

Commence of RW repository construction is scheduled for 2019. Design engineering of RW repository will br performed by the Central Design and Technological Institute of Rosatom SC. The scheduled operation of the facility shall begin in 2021 and complete in 2035.

Spent nuclear fuel will not be placed in RW repository of Seversk. This refers to industrial waste: rags, metal structures, personal protective equipment which must also be kept in repository under the current legislation.

Presence of RW on the sites of the TVEL FC subsidiaries as per level of radioactivity as of 31.12.2016


Level of radioactivity
Indicator Unit high medium low very low
Presence of RW on the sites of the Fuel Company subsidiaries at the year end, total m3 13,000 291,267 4,255,688 5,869,710
Bq 8,50*1016 2,00*1018 7,22*1014 2,13*1014
accumulated before July 15, 2011 (“heritage”) [i] m3 13,000 291,261 3,865,385 5,816,078
Bq 8,50*1016 2,00*1018 7,02*1014 2,08*1014
produced after July 15, 2011, total m3 190 976 410,290 27,249
Bq 1,10*1014 8,10*1015 2,01*1013 4,33*1012
of which produced in the reporting year m3 39 45,6 22,072 5,213
Bq 4,60*1012 3,50*1013 1,86*1012 3,99*1011

A large portion of RW located at the sites of TVEL JSC subsidiaries is placed in RW special disposal sites (51% of the total volume in m3) and long-term RW storage facilities (45.3%). In the reporting year, 415.8 thousand m3 of RW were delivered to specialized organization for disposal.

FIRE AND DISASTER PREVENTION

Readiness for Emergency Response

All enterprises of the Company worked out the required documents concerning actions of the management, emergency services, response forces and employees in emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature, and created the reserves of financial and material resources to eliminate such situations.

Work to ensure emergency preparedness and response of the Fuel Company subsidiaries is carried out in the following key areas.

Key works on ensuring emergency preparedness and response by TVEL JSC subsidiaries

1. Development of radiation, chemical and environmental situation
monitoring systems and local warning systems

2. Continuous readiness of emergency rescue teams

3. Updating of emergency response plans at major industrial facilities

4. Emergency response drills on accident and emergency plans

5. Setting up and maintaining the readiness of emergency
response packages at hazardous industrial facilities

6. Introduction of corrective and compensatory measures, eliminating
the occurrence of industrial accidents, to production processes

7. Interaction with Emergency Center SPb and its affiliates to ensure emergency
preparedness in transportation of dangerous goods and industrial safety

8. Maintenance of on-duty dispatching service system in readiness


The services that perform everyday control over the Emergency Management System (Facility Level) of the Fuel Company enterprises are responsible for ongoing collection and analysis of the information about the state of natural and technogenic environment in the areas where nuclear and radiation hazardous facilities and sites are located.

Outside emergency response teams were formed at the Company’s enterprises. The teams were certified by the industry certification commission of TVEL JSC, they have the necessary material and human resources to eliminate emergency situations and are maintained in continuous readiness.


To control the technical readiness of local warning systems (LWS), alarms (loudspeakers) are activated quarterly jointly with Civil Defense and Emergency Management (CS) local authorities and test verbal communications are transmitted.

Informing of the Situation and Crisis Management Centre of Rosatom SC, control bodies of functional and territorial subsystems for EC prevention and response is organized using municipal, intercity telephone networks, cellular communications, departmental communications of ROSATOM, Internet e-mail, ViP -Net departmental secure e-mail and stationary and mobile VHF radio stations.

Results 2016

In 2016 the enterprises included into the management system of TVEL Fuel Company continued to improve EMS, including communication system, the EMS warning and information systems.

The Company continued bringing enterprises LWS in line with regulatory legal acts. Modernization of TVEL Fuel Company LWS and their interface with local warning systems is performed by 85% and will be continued in the scheduled time frames.

Implementation of action plans of creation of LWS at hazardous facilities, such as hydrotechnical structures of the Upper-Neivin and Ayat reservoirs in Novouralsk was organized.

To notify the members of commissions on ES prevention and response and fire safety, the heads of the Company's structural divisions updated the automated warning system by installing the "Rupor" equipment with expanded functionalities.

To ensure the companies' readiness for ES and fire prevention and response, much attention was paid to trainings held by the companies and on the initiative and with the participation of TVEL commissions. In 2016 TVEL Fuel Company held more than 446 trainings.

On April 21, 2016 TVEL JSC conducted the training exercises within TVEL Fuel Company to control its readiness to season potential natural threats and the drill with the deployment of material and human resources of the enterprises and the interacting structures (EMERCOM of Russia, FMBA of Russia, Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Atom-Okhrana FSUE, etc.).

On October 4-7, 2016, in the course of the staff training on civil defense held by the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia, the companies of TVELFuel Company deployed forces and facilities for response activities in accordance with instructions.

Contest for the title of "Best Enterprise of the Fuel Company in Civil Protection" was held in 2015-2016, the winner was NCCP JSC.

Fire safety assurance in TVEL Fuel Company standard was introduced in 2016 for implementation of TVEL JSC Policy in Fire Safety. The standard was accepted and is binding for all enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company.

In the reporting period, the Fuel Company has made considerable efforts to improve fire safety by carrying out organizational and technical measures, which allowed:

  • to reduce the number of violations identified by the State Fire Supervision bodies of the EMERCOM of Russia by 52% in comparison with 2015;
  • to improve the timeliness of compliance with the proposed instructions up to 99%;
  • to improve the quality of training of managers and specialists responsible for fire safety in specialized training centers, and to upgrade the system of fire safety briefing of employees;
  • to ensure continuous monitoring of the fire situation in forests on industrial sites and surrounding areas and the complex of preventive measures that would prevent wildfires;
  • to ensure the further development of the volunteer fire-fighter movement with engaging them in contests and competitions.

Due to the focused efforts there was no recorded emergency situation of natural and technogenic nature, including ignition and fire events, at the industrial site of TVEL FC during the reporting period.

img_04__029.jpg

Preventive measures taken in 2016 made it possible to avoid fires and ignitions for the first time since establishment of TVEL Fuel Company.


Number of fires and ignitions in TVEL FC.

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The Unified State Automated Radiation Monitoring System of the Russian Federation

The enterprises of TVEL Fuel Company (MSZ PJSC, ChMP JSC, VNIINM JSC, SGChE JSC, UEIP JSC, AECC JSC, PA ECP JSC) created the Automated radiation monitoring systems (ARMS) which are constantly operated and updated.

The ARMS of the Fuel Company enterprises are included into the Sector ARMS (SARMS) of ROSATOM, which in its turn is related with the Unified State Automated Radiation Monitoring System (USARMS).

USARMS is meant for continuous radiation and meteorological control in production facilities of enterprises and in residential areas of the territories of presence. The outcomes are transmitted to the Situation and Crisis Management Center of ROSATOM, after that they are available at www.russianatom.ru. Modernization will allow to monitor automatically all fixed control stations and hourly transmit obtained information to the Situation and Crisis Management Center.

Within 2013–2016 the ARMS Modernization investment project has been implemented by UEIP JSC, aimed at ensuring compliance of the ARMS of UEIP JSC with the requirements of the Regulations of the SARMS of ROSATOM.


In accordance with The Plan of actions on Establishment, Development and Improvement of IARMS of ROSATOM 2016-2018, enterprises of TVEL State Corporation have performed the following arrangements in 2016:


Enterprise Arrangements
SGChE JSC Under the plan of ARMS-SGChE modernization by complete replacement of its element base with a modern one, procurement documents were prepared and approved, tender was held and product supply contract was concluded for 2016-2017. The products of 2016 were delivered at SGChE JSC warehouse.
New equipment will allow to measure gamma radiation and perform spectrometric analysis of air. The upgraded system will significantly improve the quality of control in the area of SGChE JSC location. Radiation monitoring stations will measure gamma radiation dose rate, radionuclide volumetric activity in atmospheric air and water, and meteorological parameters.
PA ECP JSC Automated metering system for operational environmental monitoring (AMSOEM) of PA ECP JSC was launched into commercial operation in terms of ARMS and data transfer channels.
UEIP JSC Modernization of communication lines and software of ARMS has been carried out to organize the automatic hourly transmission of radiation and meteorological situation monitoring data to the Situation and Crisis Management Centre of Rosatom SC FSUE. Modernization of meteorological sensors located on the IV industrial site of UEIP JSC was carried out with simultaneous transfer to the VII industrial site and meteorological information output to corporate computer network of the plant. The number of gamma-radiation equivalent dose control stations increased from seven to nine. Additional stations were placed on the IV industrial site of the Urals Integrated Electrochemical Plant and in residential area of Novouralsk, which will significantly increase accuracy and transparency of ecological indicators of Novouralsk. Scope of investments - about RUB 400 mln.
NCCP PJSC A contract for targeted funding with Rosatom SC has been formalized for the implementation of Establishment of ARCMS of NCCP PJSC project. Design assignment was developed and approved by the Director for Capital Investments of Rosatom SC in December 2016.
MSZ PJSC Control station No.10 of RCE DMCS was moved in accordance with the established procedure within the area of professional responsibility of the enterprise in the territory of Elektrostal

Due to the focused efforts there was no recorded emergency situation of natural and technogenic nature, including ignition and fire events, at the industrial site of TVEL FC during the reporting period.


Number of fires and ignitions in TVEL FC.

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Physical Protection of Nuclear Facilities

The state of physical protection in subsidiaries of TVEL Fuel Company is assessed as complying with the rules and departmental normative documents.

In 2016, no stealing and sabotages in relation to physical protection objects were registered, there were no cases of non-suppression of unauthorized actions, the deficiencies identified in departmental and technical inspections were eliminated completely and promptly, performance of technical equipment and readiness of personnel and guard force were at acceptable level.

Physical protection systems were improved in accordance with the approved plans. Works were financed mainly at the expense of the funds of reserve No. 2 of ROSATOM and own funds of the subsidiaries of TVEL FC. All activities were performed in a timely manner.

In terms of nuclear terrorism threat countermeasures, anti-terrorism security certificates were developed at all nuclear hazardous facilities and approved in the prescribed manner. The facilities are subject to departmental inspections and inspections by the State Regulatory Authorities.


0
In 2016 no fires or ignitions were registered in TVEL Fuel Company

Anti-terrorism security of the facilities is regulated by:

  • Decree of the President of the Russian Federation dated February 27, 2015 No. 104s
  • Resolution of the RF Government d/d December 25, 2013 No. 1244 “About anti-terrorism security of the facilities (territories)”,
  • Resolution of the RF Government d/d December 25, 2013 No. 1244 “About anti-terrorism security of the facilities (territories)”.

Planned growth of financing is due to including all TVEL Fuel Company enterprises in the program as of 2017.

The Report contains consolidated data on TVEL Fuel Company, in particular cases, when material, data is presented by business facilities.

Calculation of saving is carried out in accordance with the approved by the order of ROSATOM State Corporation Methods for calculation of cost saving gained from reducing the energy consumption, and the own methods for TVEL FC companies, approved by TVEL JSC and coordinated with ROSATOM.

Including generation of electricity and thermal energy by SC HPP of TVEL Fuel Company.

Data was retrospectively adjusted due to the changed approach to data collection of the companies included in management system of TVEL Fuel Company

Until mid-2016 ChMP JSC had a current licence for using construction waste (Hazard Class V) therefore it used these waste accumulated in 2015 for tailings dam filling.

The computational method is used for the calculation of emissions of ozone-depleting substances.

Determined by computational method, along with instrumental verification.

The indicators were determined by computational method and recalculated in accordance with Methodological guidelines for quantifying of greenhouse gas emissions by organizations performing economic and other activities in the Russian Federation approved by order No. 300 of the Ministry of Natural Resources as of June 30, 2015, namely:
– Formula No. 2 of Methodological guidelines was used in computation.
– The amount of CO2 emissions was calculated by conversion from CO (multiplied by factor1.57).
– Emissions of CH4 (methane) of UEIP JSC and emissions of perfluoromethane (freon 14) of ChMP JSC, subject to GWP specified in Appendix No. 3 of the Methodological Guidelines, were also taken into account in calculating the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions at TVEL FC.

Taking into account gains based on the results of tendering procedures.

Date of entry into force of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation d/d July 11, 2011 No. 190-FZ “About Radioactive Waste Management and Modifications to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation. In accordance with this Law, there was a distinction of ownership between the Russian Federation and the companies that produce new radioactive waste.

1.
Москва
АО «ТВЭЛ», АО «ВНИИНМ»,
АО «МЗП», АО «ЦПТИ»

2.

Московская область

АО «МСЗ» (электросталь)

3.

Санкт-Петербург

Филиал ООО «НПО «Ценротех»

4.

Владимирская область

АО «ВПО «Точмаш» (Владимир),
ПАО «КМЗ» (Ковров)

5.

Удмуртская республика

АО ЧМЗ (Глазов)

6.

Свердловская область

АО «УЭХК»,
ООО «НПО «Центротех» (Новоуральск)

7.

Новосибирская область

ПАО «НЗХК» (Новосибирск)

8.

Красноярский край

АО «ПО «ЭХЗ» (Зеленогорск)

9.

Томская область

АО «СХК» (Северск)

10.

Иркутская область

АО «АЭХК» (Ангарск)